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Container configuration

All containers currently available are defined in the configuration files in the form <container-uuid>.conf in the ‘/data/cml/containers/’ folder. The <container-uuid> is a Universal Unique Identifier provided in five character groups separated by hyphens, e.g., 11111111-1111-1111-1111-111111111111.

Container configuration management

Accessing those files directly is not possible from core0 container. Only in development builds with enabled 'debug-tweeks', you can access this through debugging CML shell on tty12. Intended control of container configuration is gained through the control interface from within core0 container. The corresponding commands of the control tool are create, config and update_config

create uses a container.config skeleton as shown above, and writes it to corresponding config files in /data/cml/containers/ with a random uuid. The corresponding created config is also responded back to core0 through the control interface.

Note that the CML may modify certain fields of the provided configuration, such as the if_rootns_name, if necessary.

config requests the configuration from an existing container. Similar to the answer of create. You can write it to some location inside core0 to edit it.

update_config writes back an edited config or just overwrites the existing config by the provided skeleton.

Container configuration specification

A full container configuration file includes the following (optional) fields:

// user configurable, non unique
required string name
// name of GuestOS, e.g. idsos
required string guest_os
// (minimal) version of GuestOS
// will be updated if container is started with a more recent GuestOS version.
optional uint64 guestos_version
// complete image sizes from GuestOS for user partitions
repeated ContainerImageSize image_sizes
// ram limit of container, set ram_limit to 0 for unlimited ram
optional uint32 ram_limit [ default = 0 ];      // unit = MBytes
required fixed32 color
// type of container, e.g. KVM or CONTAINER
required ContainerType type [ default = CONTAINER ]
repeated string init_env	// environment variables
// use user_namespace
optional bool userns [default = true]
// Flags indicating the allows for containers:
optional bool allow_autostart [default = false]
// a list of strings wich contain the features image prefix name without .img
repeated string feature_enabled
optional string dns_server
optional bool netns [default = true]
// a list of network interfaces assigned to this container
repeated string net_ifaces
// a list of devices explicitely allowed for this container
repeated string allow_dev
// a list of devices exclusively assigned to this container
repeated string assign_dev
// list of virtual network interface configuration
repeated ContainerVnetConfig vnet_configs
// list of usb devices assigned to this container
repeated ContainerUsbConfig usb_configs
// number of pipes from c0 to this container
repeated string fifos
// Specifies the container token type, e.g. NONE, SOFT or USB
required ContainerTokenType token_type [ default = SOFT ];
// Specifies that an external USB pin reader device is to be used for pin entry on container start and stop
optional bool usb_pin_entry [ default = false ];

The full-blown protocol specification can be found here as protobuf-text formatted file.

Parameter image_sizes

The image_sizes parameter defines the sizes of user partitions of the GuestOS. Its type ContainerImageSize is defined as follows:

message ContainerImageSize {
	required string image_name = 1; // virtual name of the image file in guestos
	required uint64 image_size = 2; // size (Mbytes) of the image file
	optional string image_file = 3; // name of alternate image file which overwrites image_name of guestos config

Valid configuration depends on the choice of the GuestOS configuration and its mounts parameters. For example, the debos GuestOS configuration defines

mounts {
	image_file: "enc_root"
	mount_point: "/"
	fs_type: "ext4"
	mount_type: EMPTY

and therefore, a container configuration that includes the debos GuestOS may include

image_sizes {
	image_name: "enc_root"
	image_size: 8192

to increase the size of the mount named “enc_root” from its default size defined in the GuestOS configuration to 8GiB.

Parameter net_ifaces

The repeated net_ifaces parameter list host network interfaces that are assigned to the container. The interfaces are identified by their name as it is printed the ip link command. Aternatively a hex representation of the MAC address like 00:11:22:33:44:55 could be used.

Parameter allow_dev and assign_dev

The repeated allow_dev parameter list host devices which the container is allowed to access. The repeated assign_dev parameter list host devices which the container is allowed to access. Devices are identified using the cgroups syntax.

Parameter vnet_configs

The repeated vnet_configsparameter list virtual network interface configuration. They are of type ContainerVnetConfig which is defined as

message ContainerVnetConfig {
	required string if_name = 1; // name of virtual veth endpoint in container
	required bool configure = 2; // should cmld configure the interface or leav it unconfigured
	optional string if_rootns_name = 3; // name of virtual veth endpoint in rootns (will be autogenerated by cmld)
	optional string if_mac = 4; // mac of virtual veth endpoint inside container (will be autogenerated)

Parameter usb_configs

The repeated usb_config parameter lists host USB devices which are assigned to the container. Their type is

message ContainerUsbConfig {
	required string id = 1;
	required string serial = 2;
	required bool assign = 3 [default = false];
	required ContainerUsbType type = 4 [default = GENERIC];

The USB devices are identified by their major and minor number and their serial number. The necessary information can be found e.g by first identifying the number of the USB bus and the device number using the lsusb command. Using this information udevadm info /dev/bus/usb/<BUS_NR>/<DEV_NR> yields the desired information.

The ContainerUsbType is

enum ContainerUsbType {
	TOKEN = 2;

The type TOKEN is used for USB-tokens. PIN_ENTRY devices are external pin reader usb devices that must be used for pin entry e.g. on container start and stop if specified. All other devices are GENERIC.

An example for a valid usb_configs entry may look like this:

usb_configs {
	id: "0x17ef:0x306c"
	serial: "11AD1D009C9449100D8900B00"
	assign: true
	type: GENERIC

Parameter fifos

The trust|me architecture enables the usage of unidrectional communication channels which can be used to transfer information from c0 to other containers but inhibits any information leakage from the containers. This feature can be used e.g. to inject external information on network state, such as DNS entries, from c0 into a container. The CML creates one Linux fifo for each fifos entry which are accessible under /dev/cfifos.

Example container configuration

The following example depicts a run-time configuration which includes two virtual Ethernet interfaces and one USB device assigned to the container:

name: "core0"
guest_os: "debos"
guestos_version: 1
color: 0
image_sizes {
	image_name: "enc_root"
	image_size: 8192
vnet_configs {
	if_name: "eth0"
	configure: false
	if_rootns_name: "r_0"
	if_mac: "62:96:af:ab:7d:56"

vnet_configs {
	if_name: "eth1"
	configure: false
	if_rootns_name: "r_1"
usb_configs {
  id: "04e6:5816"
  serial: "5511747600021"
  assign: true
  type: GENERIC
assign_dev: "c 4:1 rwm"
allow_dev: "c 116:1 rw"
net_ifaces: "eth2"

Caution: This is just an exemplary configuration and must be adapted to the individual use-case!