Logo trust|me

What is trust|me

trust|me abbreviates “trusted mobile equipment” and is a multi-arch OS-level virtualization solution with additional focus on platform security based on hardware features. The core component, the virtualization layer, is based on Linux-specific features like namespaces, cgroups and capabilities to provide isolation of different Guest Operating System (GuestOS) stacks on top of a single, shared Linux kernel. In contrast to other container solutions like Docker, trust|me provides a small software stack footprint and additional separation of privileged instances. The illustration below shows the system architecture of trust|me.

trustme system architecture

User interaction (e.g. admin access through ssh) may not directly end up in the privileged root namespace. For that purpose a less privileged core container exists, which is already namespaced and may interact with the privileged virtualization layer through a single specified interface only. This can be compared to the dom0 approach of Xen.

Furthermore, special platform security features are directly integrated into the virtualizaion layer in form of services utilizing a TPM chip and other platform dependent hardware-based security mechanisms. In a nutshell, trust|me offers the following security features and benefits:

Security features


Getting started

To get started, first set up the build environment. After that, you can build the trust|me base system, i.e., kernel, virtualization layer and the core container. There is also a quickbuild option and a tutorial how to create your custom GuestOSs. Once trust|me is built, you might want to test it on QEMU/KVM before deploying it onto your target platform (see Deploy options). We provide an overview on how to manage and configure a deployed trust|me system. We also provide descriptions on how to securely roll-out a platform running trust|me using our proposed PKI.

The remainder of this page highlights possible use cases, supported platforms and related scientific publications. For more information on trust|me and OS-Level virtualization, read our background page.

Use cases

Application separation. Similar to Docker trust|me can be used to separate applications in server environments, yet providing a full system inside a container closer to type 1 hypervisors such as Xen.
IoT edge devices. Its stripped-down version – just a kernel and a small ramdisk as virtualization layer – targets embedded systems which can be used in the IoT context for edge devices. trust|me also provides the reference implementation for the so-called Trusted Connector in the Industrial Data Space. The Industrial Data Space provides concepts for a generic, shared data cloud for the (industrial) Internet of Things
Smartphones. Due to its history, formerly designed for Smartphones, it could still run on those devices to provide a container execution environment for background containers. Nevertheless, it is also feasible to separate user containers with different security requirements.

Supported platforms

The trust|me software stack runs on following hardware platforms:

Architecture Device Secure boot implementation
x86 32/64 Native Intel PC UEFI Secure Boot
x86 32/64 Qemu TianoCore (simulated UEFI secure boot and sTPM)
ARM 64 Xilinx Zynq ZCU104 coming soon (Xilinx and Uboot Verified Boot)
ARM 64 Raspberry Pi3 coming soon (Uboot Verified Boot)
ARM 32 Raspberry Pi2 coming soon (Uboot Verified Boot)
ARM 32 Nexus 5/5X no longer supported (legacy Android build)


Year Title Authors PDF
2018 An Ecosystem and IoT Device Architecture for Building Trust in the Industrial Data Space Gerd Brost, Manuel Huber, Michael Weiß, Mykolai Protsenko, Julian Schütte, Sascha Wessel https://doi.org/10.1145/3198458.3198459
2017 Freeze & Crypt: Linux Kernel Support for Main Memory Encryption Manuel Huber, Julian Horsch, Junaid Ali, Sascha Wessel, http://dx.doi.org/10.5220/0006378400170030
2015 A Secure Architecture for Operating System-Level Virtualization on Mobile Devices Manuel Huber, Julian Horsch, Michael Velten, Michael Weiß, Sascha Wessel http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-38898-4_25
2015 Improving mobile device security with operating system-level virtualization (Journal) Sascha Wessel, Manuel Huber, Frederic Stumpf, Claudia Eckert https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cose.2015.02.005
2013 Improving Mobile Device Security with Operating System-Level Virtualization Sascha Wessel, Frederic Stumpf, Ilja Herd, Claudia Eckert https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39218-4_12